What Is Endometriosis?

What Is Endometriosis?

Definition of Endometriosis

Endometriosis occurs in the presence of cells and tissues growing outside the womb. These tissues can sometimes be responsive to hormones and cause menstrual like bleeding. They can be in the form of tiny black dots or little red veins and other different characteristics.

 Diagnosis of Endometriosis

It can be diagnosed in many ways. It can be easily noticed during an operation. Consistency becomes a liquid chocolate color substance if found in cysts. These cysts can be easily exploded. In addition, experienced eyes will identify these cysts during ultrasound. If suspicious, cytopathologic examination is carried out to define diagnosis. Side effects is another way of noticing the desease. This disease often causes extensive adhesions in the abdomen. Adhesions cause pain during intercourse and gynecology examination. Certain painkillers cant even help. A skilled physician can easily suspect the disease.

Symptoms of Endometriosis

The first symptom is abdominal pain. This pain becomes more apparent during menstruation and intercourse. A small proportion experiences constant pain. If Ponstan is taken during the menstruation for pain relief and the pain consists, then we suspect endometriosis. Patients express that the pain gets worse over the years. In very progressive cases nausea, fatigue and weight loss is observed. The adhesive type can cause constipation or diarrhea. Swelling and intestinal gas can be another symptom.

When the menstrual period is not due bleeding can be seen outside the navel and vagina. If it has grown in the womb and you have had cesarean, your scar may bleed as a side effect. Painful urination can be another way to notice it. In very rare cases it can cause damage to the organ it has settled on.

The Cause of Endometriosis (etiology)

The reason for this disease is not yet understood. There are some theories but no one is sure. It is thought to be spread into the abdomen if there’s a reverse flow of blood. It has also been alleged that the cells remaining from the embryonic period may grow in this region.

It is also alleged that it can be passed on as an infection through a surgical wound, which makes sense. But it does not suffice to explain the disease when seen elsewhere.

The cells are thought to spread through the blood. According to another theory when recognized by the immune system, these cells are stored and destroyed in the uterus. other than the uterus and is destroyed. But not in this case.

FREQUENCY (Incidence)

175 million women worldwide are estimated to have infertility issues caused by diseases. One in third of the disease carriers are seen to have reproductive dysfunction.

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