Bleeding During Pregnancy

Bleeding During Pregnancy

You may come across vaginal bleeding during your pregnancy. There are several reasons why this could happen.

Reasons why you may bleed during your first 20 weeks of pregnancy;

* Hormonal changes
* Infection
* Vaginal examination
* Sexual intercourse
* When the fertilized egg tries to attach to the uterus (normally seen with treatments like IVF)
* Miscarriage/ ectopic pregnancy
* Molar pregnancy; a condition that can be noticed in early pregnancy and splits in 2,
1- Complete mole; Caused when a single sperm combines with an egg which has lost it’s DNA.
2- Partial mole; Occurs when an egg is fertilized by two sperms which reduplicates itself yielding the genotypes.
* Chemical miscarriage may occur during the first 5 weeks of pregnancy. When a pregnancy test is done it may result you as positive, but after the unsuccessful survival of the fertilized egg, the embryo would not survive and your next pregnancy test will indicate negative.
* Bleeding surrounding the placenta. In this case you may be able to continue your pregnancy normally if treated appropriately.

Reasons why you may bleed during the last 20 weeks of pregnancy
Even though your risks to miscarry has dropped rapidly, you may still experience bleeding due to other reasons
* Sexual intercourse
* Vaginal examination
* Placenta previa, a case where the baby’s placenta covers the opening of the cervix.
* Placenta abruption, although the percentage is as low as 1%, this is a dangerous situation where the placenta separates from your uterus before your baby’s born.
* Sign of early labour, usually before 37 weeks.

We have pointed out several reasons as to why bleeding may occur during your pregnancy. If you notice bleeding at any time, then contact your doctor as soon as possible to prevent risks of miscarrying.

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